The “cultured meat” is also known as the in vitro or the “clean meat.”
Historian Richard Bulliet invented the term “cattle complex” to refer to societies that depend on cattle for many aspects of their culture and economy. Other historians have extended this concept to explain how several cultures changed due to their relationships with sheep, goats, or pigs. For example, historian Mark Kurlansky has identified the emergence of the Aztec civilization as being influenced by the introduction of domesticated maize coupled with an existing Mexican cult of human sacrifice.
Historian Greg Grandin asserts that “the hierarchical organization of Aztec society into two classes began with the aristocracy of the Mexica (Aztecs)” and that this new social system was “thoroughly pastoral in its inspiration.” He references several other historical examples, such as how cattle-raising societies spread across Europe.
Modern cultured meat was first introduced by biomedical engineer Dr. Nicholas Genovese at the International Society for Bioengineering and the Sciences in March 2003. Since then, many different companies have developed cultured meat with varying degrees of success. Professor Mark Post introduced the first modern cultured beef burger at a press conference on 5 August 2013 at the Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands.
Modern cultured meat is produced using stem cells harvested from living animals. These stem cells can be grown in a petri dish until they have multiplied enough to create small strands of muscle tissue known as myotubes. The myotubes are then attached to a substrate material, such as collagen, which acts as a scaffold allowing the myotube to grow and form two new layers of cells.
The idea of cultured meat has been described as unnecessary for many reasons, such as it being unnatural and unethical to consume animal products, the lack of nutritional value compared to traditional livestock animals like cattle, and potential health issues surrounding how it is raised. For example, critics of cultured meat claim that it can cause zoonotic diseases (diseases carried between species) since the cells used to cultivate the meat would be of animal origin.
The world’s first cultured hamburger was created by Dr. Mark Post at the cost of USD 330,000. Despite this exorbitant price tag, the funds used to research an anonymous donor provided this experiment.
First hamburger made from lab-grown meat to be taste-tested in London .The world’s first hamburger made from cultured beef will be cooked and served in London on Monday.
Funding for First Lab-Grown Hamburger Made From Stem Cells Will Be Donated by Anonymous Billionaire .The anonymous donor who paid for the research believes that cultured meat will allow the food industry to meet demand more efficiently and at less cost.
Meat Grown in a Petri Dish
Creating cultured meat involves harvesting stem cells from living animals and growing them into muscles fibers called myotubes, which are then attached to a substrate, such as a collagen, and allowed to grow.
The first cultured beef hamburger was developed by Maastricht University professor Mark Post.
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