Importance of food processing Industry in India
Food processing is the transformation of raw ingredients into food products that can be eaten by physical or chemical means. Food preservation slows or stops food spoilage by various methods, including drying, freezing, pickling, and irradiation.
Food processing and preservation benefits include increased food safety, improved nutrition, longer shelf life, and increased economic opportunities.
Food processing is any method used to process food to reduce the number of undesired microorganisms and improve its stability and safety margins to make it more suitable for human consumption.
It includes any physical process, chemical process, or a combination of the two that changes the physical characteristics of food to make it safer or more convenient to use. Processing also improves palatability and appearance.
Scope and Importance of Food Processing
The scope and importance of food processing are vast, with many different methods used to achieve different results. Food can be processed and preserved in many ways, including canning, freezing, dehydration, pickling, and irradiation.
The most common method of food processing is probably cooking, which prepares food for consumption in various ways. Cooking can be done at home or in a commercial setting, such as a restaurant or factory.
Food processing and preservation can be defined as all the activities and operations required for converting raw agricultural produce into safe and nutritious food products. Food processing and preservation are necessary to ensure access to safe, wholesome, and palatable foods at reasonable costs.
Food processing enhances the shelf life of food through various ways such as microorganism control, low-temperature storage, dehydration, and removal of oxygen. It also alters the texture, flavour, and nutritional value of food products to appeal to consumers.
The food processing industry is an important part of the Indian economy. It accounts for about 10% of India’s GDP and employs around 15 million people.
The sector is multiplying and is estimated to reach a value of Rs. 2,58,000 crore by 2022. There are many opportunities for investment in the food processing sector, and it offers good returns on investment.
The food processing industry in India is facing several challenges such as lack of adequate infrastructure, shortage of skilled workforce, inadequate access to finance and raw materials, high cost of energy, lack of proper storage facilities, and poor market exposure.
The food processing industry has a crucial role to play in the development of India’s economy. The sector needs to be integrated into the country’s strategy for inclusive growth by creating an enabling environment that would encourage investments in infrastructure, research, innovation, and technology upgradation.
The government should also provide incentives for developing the food processing industry and create awareness about the importance of processed foods. We can only hope to see the sector multiply and contribute to India’s economic development.
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