Valorisation by adopting recent and improved processing technologies provides a great opportunity for the growth and development of the food sector. Value addition refers to the process of changing or transforming a product from its original state to a more valuable state and it provides more variety to consumers with the improvement in the organoleptic properties.
Canning is a technique for protection and preservation of food in which the food is heated and hermetically sealed in containers such as: glass bottles; metal cans; thermostable plastic; or multilayer flexible. The shelf life of canned foods is between six months to 5 years and it can be even extended longer under controlled conditions.
Natural flavours are those that derive their aroma or flavour chemicals from plant or animal sources. The US Code of Federal Regulations defines “natural flavour” or “natural flavourings” as the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, protein hydrolysate, distillate, or any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis that contains the flavouring constituents derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar material, meat, seafood, eggs, dairy products, or fermentation products thereof, whose significant function in food is flavouring rather than nutritional.
Nutmeg is, among saffron or vanilla, an exclusive product in the world of spices. One of its characteristics is a high fat content with about 36.3g per 100g and a resulting heat sensitivity in the milling process. Because of its value, an energy efficient grinding system with continuous operation over long periods is required by the industry.
Weaning, more scientifically known as complementary feeding, implies to process where solid foods and other liquids, in addition to milk, are introduced to infants in order to meet their growing nutritional requirements. The incorporation of complementary feeding is the first major proactive step in the infant’s life towards “growing up”.